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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

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Reference ( 39 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 行政院農業委員會統計室(2014),《中華民國102年農業統計年報》。行政院農業委員會。
  2. 郭恆如(2009),《臺灣年節禮盒包裝設計策略之研究─以端午節為例》。臺中:臺中技術學院商業設計系碩士論文。
  3. 張芬芬(2010),〈質性資料分析的五步驟:在抽象階梯上爬升〉。《初等教育學刊》,35期,頁87-120。
  4. 陳琪婷、陳政雄、謝邦昌(2002),〈影響國人年節餐飲消費行為認知因素探討〉。《觀光研究學報》,8卷,2期,頁 193-203。
  5. 賴守誠(2006),〈現代消費文化動力下族群飲食文化的重構:以台灣「客家菜」當代的休閒消費轉型為例〉。《國家與社會》,1期,頁 167-212。
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