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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 12 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. [2] Y. Hwang, J. K. Lee, Y. M. Jeong, K. M. Koo, D. H. Lee, I. K. Kim, S. W. Jin,“Cooling performance of a vertical ground-coupled heat pump system installed in a school building”, Renewable Energy, Vol. 34, pp. 578-582, 2009.
  2. [5] 龔仲寬,地源熱泵系統運轉耗能模擬與控制策略最佳化之研究,博士論文,國立臺灣大學機械工程學系研究所,2012.
  3. [7] Prasad N. Gokhale, Mixed Convective Heat Transfer and Evaporation at The Air-Water Interface, Clemson University, pp. 111.
  4. [9] 王則眾,整合田口式實驗計畫法與灰關聯分析於快速原型製程最優化研究,科技管理學刊,科技管理學刊,第十卷第四期,pp.111-138
  5. [10] D. Julong. "Introduction to Grey System Theory", The Journal of the Grey System, 1988.
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