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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 156 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張永宏(2014)。《我國引進國民參與刑事審判制度之研究—以日本裁判員制度為借鏡》。台北:政大。
  2. O’Connor, S. D.(著),信春鷹、葛明珍(譯)(2009)。《我在最高法院的日子:歐康諾訴說法律的尊嚴》。台北:博雅書屋。
  3. Hörnle, T.(著),顏華歆(譯)(2015)。〈民主究責與人民參與刑事審判〉,收於:Duff, A., Farmer, L., Marshall, S., & Tadros, V.(編),《審判的試煉II裁判與到場說明權責》,頁177-200。台北:財團法人民間司法改革基金會。
  4. Matravers, M.(著),萬象(譯)(2015)。〈「不僅是不合邏輯」:真實與陪審團無效裁決〉,收於:Duff, A., Farmer, L., Marshall, S., & Tadros, V.(編),《審判的試煉I真相與正當法律程序》,頁79-96。台北:財團法人民間司法改革基金會。
  5. Redmayne, M.(著),顏華歆(譯)(2015)。〈陪審團制度的理論化〉,收於:Duff, A., Farmer, L., Marshall, S., & Tadros, V.(編),《審判的試煉II裁判與到場說明權責》,頁129-152。台北:財團法人民間司法改革基金會。
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