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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 94 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王業立,2001,《比較選舉制度》,台北:五南。
  2. 王光旭、陳敦源,2010,〈政務領導、國會監督與官僚自主:臺灣全民健保政策「否決者」之研究,1986-2004〉,《行政暨政策學報》,第50期,第107-157頁。
  3. 林國明,2003,〈到國家主義之路:路徑依賴與全民健保組織體制的形成〉,《台灣社會學》,第5期,第1-71頁。
  4. 施世駿、葉羽曼,2011,〈政治民主化與社會政策:探索政治制度對臺灣年金制度建構的影響〉,《臺大社工學刊》,第23期,第47-92頁。
  5. 徐正戎、張峻豪,2004,〈從新舊制度論看我國雙首長制〉,《政治科學論叢》,第22期,第139-180頁。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蕭瓊玉(2016)。農保與國民年金保險脫勾政策制定過程之研究-多元流程觀點分析。臺北大學公共行政暨政策學系碩士在職專班學位論文。2016。1-175。
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