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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 85 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.王雲東(2012)。《社會方法研究-量化與質性取向及其應用》。臺北:威仕曼文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 2.田秀蘭(2010)。〈社會認知生涯理論之興趣模式驗證研究〉,《教育心理學報》 34(2):247-266。
  3. 3.張文龍、黃文谷、陳思婷(2010)。〈創業家人力資本、創業環境與創業績效關係之研究〉,《創業管理研究》5(1):1–32。劉常勇、謝如梅(2006)。〈創業管理研究之回顧與展望:理論與模式探討〉,《創業管理研究》1(1):1-43。
  4. 5.吳彥濬、袁志宏(2013)。〈創業教育的典範:Babson College 模式〉,《創業管理研究》8(2):109-124。
  5. 6.余民寧、趙珮晴、陳嘉成(2010)。〈以社會認知生涯理論探討影響選擇數學職業意圖的因素〉,《教育科學研究期刊》55(3):177-201。
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