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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 22 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊志海、陳忠榮(2002),「研究發展、專利與生產力—台灣製造業的實證研究」,經濟論文叢刊,第30 輯第1 期,頁27-48。
  2. Berman, Eli, John Bound, and Zvi Griliches(1994),“Changes in the Demand for Skilled Labor within U.S. Manufacturing: Evidence From the Annual Survey Of Manufactures.”Quarterly Journal of Economics, 109(2),367-398.
  3. Clarke, George (1995),“More Evidence on Income Distribution and Growth.”Journal of Development Economics,47,403-427.
  4. Feenstra, Robert C.(1998)“Integration of Trade and Disintegration of Production in the Global Economy.”Journal of Economic Perspectives, 12(4),31-50.
  5. Feenstra, Robert C.and Hanson Gordon H. (1997),“Foreign direct investment and relative wages: Evidence from Mexico’s maquiladoras.”Journal of International Economics, 42(3/4),371-393.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪毓霞(2012)。廠商海外生產行為及其對國內勞動僱用之影響 —台灣製造業之實證研究。臺灣大學經濟學研究所學位論文。2012。1-114。 
  2. 盧俊偉(2012)。政策變遷的動力因素分析─以產業租稅獎勵政策的演化為例。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-348。 
  3. 林耿賢(2015)。研發投資與全球化對薪資的影響: 以台灣製造業為例。清華大學經濟學系學位論文。2015。1-50。
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