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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 235 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. An, M. and Sage, G. H. (1992) The Golf Boom in South Korea: Serving Hegemonic Interests. Sociology of Sport Journal 9: 372-384.
  2. Bourdieu, P. (1978) Sport and Social Class. Social Science Information 17(6): 819-40.
  3. ── (1984) Distinction: A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste. Cambridge: Harvard University Press.
  4. ── (1988) Program for a Sociology of Sport. Sociology of Sport Journal 5(2): 153-161.
  5. ── (1999) The State, Economics and Sport. Pp. 15-21 in France and the 1998 World Cup : The National Impact of a World Sporting Event. edited by H. Dauncey and G. Hare. London: Portland.
Times Cited (9) 〈TOP〉
  1. 楊凱程(2010)。以行為觀察探討自行車使用者生活型態、行為與思考。臺北科技大學創新設計研究所學位論文。2010。1-157。 
  2. 柳文惠(2013)。戰後台灣自行車產業發展的政治經濟分析,1950-2013。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2013。1-130。 
  3. 洪偉傑(2012)。自行車通勤政策的轉借與實踐──以台北為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2012。1-168。 
  4. 宋恩儀(2011)。雙腳踩踏的變奏曲: 台北市腳踏車族的移動經驗與身體實踐。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2011。1-79。 
  5. 吳聲汶(2010)。臺北市河濱自行車道參與者傳播媒介使用對風險知覺影響之研究。臺灣師範大學運動與休閒管理研究所學位論文。2010。1-115。
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