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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 64 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王世椿、張明賢、顏世楷、許志祥,1998,〈不同位置女足球員的年齡、身高、體重以及不同跑距成績之比較〉。《中華民國體育學會體育學報》(26):249-256。
  2. 王正忠、陳銘鐘、張甫嘉、鄭芳梵,1997,〈女子排球身高差異與攔網能例的相關性研究〉。《北體學報》(6):17-26。
  3. 王承平、陳立民,2010,〈凝視女體:汽車平面廣告中女性的再現意義〉。《明道學術論壇》6(2):130-152。
  4. 王瑞香,1996,〈基進主義女性主義〉。頁105-138,收錄於顧燕翎主編,《女性主義理論與流派》。臺北:女書文化。
  5. 王嘉琦,2008,〈矮不是病,但就是想長高!人類身高的歷史進展-營養、基因帶動身高變化〉。《健康世界》(265):12-14。
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