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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 58 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李仙得(Charles W. LeGendre),《南台灣踏查手記》,Robert Eskildsen英編,黃怡譯,臺北巿:前衛,2012。
  2. Barclay, Paul D., “‘Gaining Trust and Friendship’ in Aborigine Country: Diplomacy, Drinking, and Debauchery on Japan’s Southern Frontier.” Social Science Japan Journal, 6:1 (2003), pp. 77-96.
  3. 邱馨慧,〈被殖民脈絡下山地與平地交換活動的初探──以日本時代高雄州潮州郡的赤山交換所為例〉,《屏東文獻》第5期,屏東:屏東縣政府文化局,2002.05,頁3-22。
  4. 黃俊傑,〈十九世紀末年日本人的臺灣論述:以上野專一、福澤諭吉與內藤湖南為例〉,《臺灣意識與臺灣文化》,臺北:國立臺灣大學出版中心,2009,頁39-70。
  5. 鄭安晞,〈日治時期隘勇線推進與蕃界之內涵轉變〉,《中央大學人文學報》第50期,桃園:中央大學文學院,2012.04,頁131-208。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 廖希正(2018)。槍枝在臺灣原住民社會中的傳佈、受容與官方管制(1700s-1920)。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2018。1-81。 
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