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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 250 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志誠(2009)。《信託法》,四版。臺北:五南。
  2. Thomas L. Friedman(著),丘羽先、李欣容、許貴運、童一寧、黃孝如、楊舒琄、蔡菁芳、顧淑馨(譯)(2009)。《世界又熱、又平、又擠:全球暖化、能源耗竭、人口爆炸危機下的新經濟革命》。臺北:天下遠見。
  3. 邱聯恭(1996)。〈民事訴訟之目的:以消費者保護訴訟為例〉,氏著,《程序制度機能論》,頁147–196。臺北:自刊。
  4. 邱聯恭(1996)。〈程序保障之機能:基於民事事件類型審理必要論及程序法理交錯適用肯定論之觀點〉,氏著,《程序制度機能論》,頁61–145。臺北:自刊。
  5. 許士宦(2003)。〈重複起訴禁止原則與既判力客觀範圍〉,氏著,《程序保障與闡明義務》,頁225–296。臺北:新學林。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪蓓君(2016)。溫室氣體排放風險實現下填補法制之檢討。成功大學法律學系學位論文。2016。1-180。
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