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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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    Reference ( 45 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王志弘(2009)〈多重的辯證-列婓伏爾空間生產概念三元組演繹與引申〉,《地理學報》,55: 1-24。
    2. 李安如(2009)〈地鐵作為「文化親密」的空間:以台北市大眾捷運為例〉,《考古人類學刊》,70: 79-108。
    3. 李安如(2013)〈地方、認同和想像地理:高雄大眾捷運系統的文化政治〉,《臺灣人類學刊》,11(1): 93-122。
    4. 邱奕鈞(2014)《當代中國都市棕地治理與空間轉化──以廣州為個案》,臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所碩士論文。
    5. 林紀萱(2009)《施工風險管理機制之研究─以捷運工程施工專案為例》,臺灣大學土木工程學研究所碩士學位論文。
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