Search & Read at all times.
Your portable library is online!,Hello!
Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 398 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王晧昱,1997,《「歐洲合眾國」:歐洲政治統合理想之實踐》,臺北:揚智文化事業股份有限公司。
  2. 中華人民共和國國務院新聞辦公室,1998,〈《1998年中國的國防》白皮書〉,中華人民共和國國防部網頁, 3054922.htm,2004/09/30。
  3. 中華人民共和國國務院新聞辦公室,2002,〈《2002年中國的國防》白皮書〉,中華人民共和國國防部網頁, 4249946.htm; 2.htm,2011/01/06。
  4. 中華人民共和國國務院新聞辦公室,2006,〈《2006年中國的國防》白皮書〉,中華人民共和國國防部網頁, 48.htm;,2011/0 1/06。
  5. 中華民國國防部「國防報告書」編纂小組,1992,《中華民國八十一年國防報告書》,臺北:黎明文化事業股份有限公司。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張宸銘(2014)。歐盟與俄羅斯能源互動之研究。中山大學政治學研究所學位論文。2014。1-134。
  2. 陳立澤(2018)。國際組織零碎化現象之分析。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2018。1-172。
Altmetrics 〈TOP〉
E-mail :
When an article is available to download, a notice will be sent to your mailbox address.
E-mail :