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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 84 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 8. 池啟端 (2004) : 現行總額預算支付制度下地區醫院因應之策略。台灣大學會計學研究所論文。
  2. 11. 吳家勳 (2005) : 醫院自費醫療服務經營之調查研究。元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 13. 余政經 (2005) : 全民健保下私立小型醫院困境與策略-發展以醫院為基礎的護理之家可行性研究。台灣大學醫療機構管理研究所碩士論文。
  4. 15. 李珞琳 (2001) : 醫療機構策略聯盟型態及其績效評估。台北醫學院醫學研究所論文。
  5. 18. 林麗惠 (2005) : 地區醫院於健保總額預算制度實施後經營策略與醫院產出表現之探討。高雄醫學大學醫務管理學研究所碩士在職專班論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林幸怡(2010)。醫療機構之民事責任。國立臺灣大學法律學研究所學位論文。2010。1-254。 
  2. 陳明智(2010)。地區醫院急診病患轉院現況調查-以南投縣某地區醫院為例。亞洲大學健康產業管理學系健康管理組學位論文。2010。1-81。
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