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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 196 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 何春蕤(2001)。〈自我培力與專業操演:與台灣性工作者的對話〉,《台灣社會研究季刊》,41: 1-51。
  2. 吳伊凡、藍佩嘉(2012)。〈去中國留學:旅中台生的制度框架與遷移軌跡〉。《臺灣社會學刊》,50: 1-56
  3. 吳清山(2002)。〈提升學校競爭力的理念與策略〉,《臺灣教育雙月刊》,63: 2-10
  4. 李碧涵(2001年5月)。〈知識經濟時代國家競爭力的社會經濟分析〉,「2001知識經濟社會與國家發展學術研討會」,台北市。
  5. 林柏儀(2007)。〈求學作為勞動:一個學校教育的馬克思主義分析〉。政治大學社會學研究所碩士論文。
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