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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Egilmez, G., Kucukvar, M., Tatari, O., 2013. Sustainability assessment of U.S. manufacturing sectors: an economic input output-based frontier approach. J Clean Prod 53, 91-102.
  2. Hendrickson, C., Horvath, A., Joshi, S. and Lave, L., 1998. Peer Reviewed: Economic Input–Output Models for Environmental Life-Cycle Assessment. Environmental Science & Technology, 32(7): 184A-191A.
  3. Huang, Y.A., Weber, C.L. and Matthews, H.S., 2009. Categorization of Scope 3 Emissions for Streamlined Enterprise Carbon Footprinting. Environmental Science & Technology, 43(22): 8509-8515.
  4. International Copper Study Group., 2014. The world copper factbook 2014.
  5. Jiang, Q., Li, T., Liu, Z., Zhang, H., Ren, K., 2014. Life Cycle Assessment of an Engine with Input-Output Based Hybrid Analysis Method. J Clean Prod 78, 131-138.
Times Cited (6) 〈TOP〉
  1. 陳明杰(2013)。以永續觀點探討非都會地區災後重建收容場所空間規劃。臺北科技大學建築與都市設計研究所學位論文。2013。1-184。 
  2. 林仲哲(2008)。零污染社區理念架構與發展策略之研究-以坪林地區實證分析為例。臺灣大學環境工程學研究所學位論文。2008。1-132。 
  3. 陳育正(2006)。農村社區居民對於生態社區環境認知與態度之研究-以南投縣生態社區為例。中興大學農村規劃研究所學位論文。2006。1-117。
  4. 蔡惠任(2008)。居民社區意識與環境改善計畫推行滿意度關係之研究-以台南縣「生活環境改造計畫」中鄉村型社區為例。成功大學建築學系學位論文。2008。1-163。
  5. 簡嘉儀(2009)。社區永續環境指標之建構。長榮大學土地管理與開發研究所學位論文。2009。1-92。
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