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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 72 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王業立(2001)。〈縣市長選舉結果與地方政黨版圖變遷〉,《中國地方自治》54(12):28-34。
  2. 王鈺婷(2008)。《藍綠版圖之空間分布與變遷: 第三屆至第七屆立委選舉結果之探討:第三屆至第七屆立委選舉結果之探討》。臺北:臺灣大學國家發展研究所,碩士論文。
  3. 王鼎銘(2003)。〈政策認同下的投票效用與選擇:空間投票理論在不同選舉制度間的比較〉,《選舉研究》10(1):171-206。
  4. 包正豪(2011)。〈原住民政治版圖的持續與變遷:1992-2008立委選舉的總體資料分析〉,《選舉研究》18(2):87-120。
  5. 吳敏之 (2015)。〈大選前赴中「面試」?政治精算師朱立倫的下一步〉《新社會政策 》38:30-32。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇郁涵(2016)。探索「柯文哲現象」-2014年臺北市長選舉空間分析。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2016。1-72。 
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