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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 104 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王鼎銘(2007)。〈成本效益、公民責任與政治參與:2004年公民投票的分析〉,《東吳政治學報》,第25卷,第1期,頁1-37。
  2. 何溢誠(2006)。《公投罅隙與罅隙管制》。國立台灣大學國家發展研究所碩士論文。
  3. 林水波(1999)。《選舉與公投》。台北:智勝。
  4. 林水波(2005)。〈公投評估、罅隙認定及控管〉,《政策研究學報》,第5期,頁1-27。
  5. 吳俊德、陳永福(2005)。〈投票與不投票的抉擇-2004年總統大選與公民投票的探索性研究〉,《臺灣民主》,第2卷,第4期,頁67-98。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 蘇國賢(2012)。我國全國性公民投票實施之政經分析。臺灣大學政治學研究所學位論文。2012。1-139。 
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