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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 108 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Barford, C.C., Wofsy, S.C., Munger, J.W., Goulden, M.L., Pyle, H.E., Urbanski, S.P., Hutyra, L., Saleska, S.R., Fitzjarrald, D., Moore, K., 2001. Factors controlling long- and short-term sequestration of atmospheric CO2 in a mid-latitude forest. Science 294, 1688-1691.
  2. Binkley, D., Stape, J.L., Ryan, M.G., Barnard, H.R., Fownes, J., 2002. Age-related Decline in Forest Ecosystem Growth: An Individual-Tree, Stand-Structure Hypothesis. Ecosystems 5, 58-67.
  3. Black, K., Byrne, K.A., Mencuccini, M., Tobin, B., Nieuwenhuis, M., Reidy, B., Bolger, T., Saiz, G., Green, C., Farrell, E.T., Osborne, B., 2009. Carbon stock and stock changes across a Sitka spruce chronosequence on surface-water gley soils. Forestry 82, 255-272.
  4. Bradford, J.B., Kastendick, D.N., 2010. Age-related patterns of forest complexity and carbon storage in pine and aspen–birch ecosystems of northern Minnesota, USA. Canadian Journal of Forest Research 40, 401-409.
  5. Chambers, J.Q., Tribuzy, E.S., Toledo, L.C., Crispim, B.F., Higuchi, N., Dos Santos, J., Araujo, A.C., Kruijt, B., Nobre, A.D., Trumbore, S.E., 2004. Respiration from a tropical forest ecosystem: Partitioning of sources and low carbon use efficiency. Ecological Applications 14, S72-S88.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 洪千祐(2014)。以過去發表資料為基礎分析臺灣重要人工林和竹林之碳吸存量。中興大學森林學系所學位論文。2014。1-60。 
  2. 莊棨州(2014)。溪頭柳杉林昆蟲垂直分層群聚研究。臺灣大學昆蟲學研究所學位論文。2014。1-101。 
  3. 蘇泓銘(2013)。溪頭人工針葉林淨初級生產力與土壤溫室氣體釋放。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2013。1-48。 
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