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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 54 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 3.毛群欽(2003)大高雄地區國中小學生環境態度與水污染概念之研究。國立高雄師範大學環境教育研究所碩士論文。
  2. 6.李永展(1991)環境態度與保育行為之研究:美國文獻回顧與概念模式之發展。國立台灣大學建築與城鄉研究學報 6:73-98。
  3. 8.李永展(1997)鄰避症候群之解析。都市與計劃24(1):69-79。
  4. 13.侯錦雄(1997)由居民環境態度觀點探討不寧適公共設施的環境衝突—以台中市垃圾焚化廠設置過程為例。中國園藝 43﹙3﹚:208-224。
  5. 14.張春興(1988)知之歷程與教之歷程:認知心理學的發展及其在教育上的應用。教育心理學報 21:17-38。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 杜幼惟(2013)。規範與農民農業態度、環境態度關係之研究。中興大學生物產業管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-113。 
  2. 黃婉文(2006)。環境態度與都市林功能關聯之研究。臺灣大學森林環境暨資源學研究所學位論文。2006。1-82。 
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