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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 47 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 9. 梁証揚,人力支出與價值攸關性之研究,私立中原大學會計學系碩士論文,民國90年。
  2. 10. 陳俊雄,專利權價值攸關性之研究,中原大學會計研究所碩士論文民國91年。
  3. 12. 陳柏彰,創新發明能力與企業生產力及企業價值之關連性研究-以台灣之資訊電子業為例, 國立台灣大學會計學系碩士論文,民國91年。
  4. 13. 陳景美,臺灣後工業化時期產業結構與人力結構變動之研究,國立臺灣師範大學碩士論文,民國90年。
  5. 18. 楊幼梅,研究發展支出與未來股票報酬之關聯性研究,中原大學會計學系碩士論文,民國91年。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃雅君(2013)。中小企業成長速度之前因探討:以台灣中小企業為例。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2013。1-85。
  2. 姚芮安(2014)。資訊處理觀點探討台灣中小企業成長與組織結構之關係:產業環境與成長過程之調節效果。中正大學企業管理學系學位論文。2014。1-77。
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