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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 24 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 13. 王化鵬,「可延伸企業報導語言於非財務報表資訊之應用:以年報內部人資訊為例」,台灣大學會計研究所,碩士論文,民國94年。
  2. 18. 陳嶢睜,「應用Web Services與XBRL於企業財務報告資訊之系統模型研究」,中原大學會計研究所,碩士論文,民國92年。
  3. 參考文獻
  4. 1. 林心瀅,「考量景氣因素下企業經營績效與股價報酬率關聯性之研究-以上市櫃光電產業為例」,屏東科技大學企業管理碩士班,碩士論文,民國93年。
  5. 2. 陳冠宏,「我國上市及上櫃電子公司股票評價之研究-以盈餘及財務比率分析」,國立東華大學公共行政研究所,碩士論文,民國91年。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃岫宇(2010)。XBRL於境內基金財務報表之應用探討。中興大學高階經理人碩士在職專班學位論文。2010。1-83。 
  2. 張詩敏(2007)。基因演算法於XBRL財務報表分析之系統建置。大同大學資訊經營學系所學位論文。2007。1-42。
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