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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 74 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Antignac, J.P., de Wasch, K., Monteau, F., De Brabander, H., Andre, F., Le Bizec, B., 2004. The ion suppression phenomenon in liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry and its consequences in the field of residue. 5th EURORESIDUE Conference. Elsevier Science Bv, Noordwijkerhout, NETHERLANDS, pp. 129-136.
  2. Barbara, K.H., Dinsdale, R.M., Guwy, A.J., 2009. The removal of pharmaceuticals, personal care products, endocrine disruptors and illicit drugs during wastewater treatment and its impact on the quality of receiving waters. Water Res. 43, 363-380.
  3. Batt, A.L., Kim, S., Aga, D.S., 2007. Comparison of the occurrence of antibiotics in four full-scale wastewater treatment plants with varying designs and operations. Chemosphere 68, 428-435.
  4. Bayarri, B., Abellan, M.N., Gimenez, J., Esplugas, S., 2007. Study of the wavelength effect in the photolysis and heterogeneous photocatalysis. Catal. Today 129, 231-239.
  5. Beltran, F.J., Aguinaco, A., Garcia-Araya, J.F., Oropesa, A., 2008. Ozone and photocatalytic processes to remove the antibiotic sulfamethoxazole from water. Water Res. 42, 3799-3808.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 吳孟純(2012)。污水處理廠去除個人防護用品及放流水質對承受水體之評估探討。屏東科技大學環境工程與科學系所學位論文。2012。1-171。 
  2. 黃淑泓(2014)。高屏溪之藥物及鄰苯二甲酸酯類流布調查及利用不同碳吸附劑去除溪水中關切的新興污染物。中山大學環境工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-236。
  3. 黃英豪(2014)。生活污水中鄰苯二甲酸酯類與藥物:監測及新穎電薄膜處理。中山大學環境工程研究所學位論文。2014。1-182。
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