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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 197 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. Abel, Richard E. (2002). The Chang of Book and Journal Infrastructure : Two Publishers, Consolidation, and Niche Publishers. In Richard E. Abel & Lyman W. Newlin (Ed.), Scholarly Publishing : Book, Journal, Publishers, and Libraries in the Twentieth Century (pp.121-134). New York : Wiley.
    2. Al, Umut., Sahiner, Mustafa & Tonta, Yasar. (2006). Arts and Humanities Literature : Bibliometric Characteristics of Contributions by Turkish Authors. Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, 57(8), 1011-1022.
    3. Albanese, Andrew Richard. (2001). Revolution or Evolution. Library Journal, 126(18), 48-51.
    4. Armstrong, C. and Lonsdale, R. (2000). Scholarly Monographs : Why Would I Want to Publish Electronically. The Electronic Library, 18(1), 21-28.
    5. Armstrong, C. and Lonsdale, R. (2005). Challenges in Managing E-Books Collections in UK Academic Libraries. Library Collections, Acquisitions, & Technical Services, 29, 33-50.
    Times Cited (7) 〈TOP〉
    1. 張慈芬(2015)。圖書資訊學領域期刊之出版時滯研究。淡江大學資訊與圖書館學系碩士班學位論文。2015。1-104。 
    2. 張天心(2016)。從研究評鑑的觀點來看學術專書的問題:以社會學在台灣為例。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2016。1-118。 
    3. 張瑋麟(2014)。按需印刷在臺灣學術出版的發展與困境。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2014。1-182。 
    4. 王鈞湄(2013)。適用於人文社會學者之非傳統學術指標研究。臺灣大學圖書資訊學研究所學位論文。2013。1-80。 
    5. 施佩宜(2010)。民國史博士學位論文之引用文獻分析(2001-2010)。政治大學圖書資訊與檔案學研究所學位論文。2010。1-102。
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