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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 120 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李亭亭、施玉珊(2009)•運用創新擴散理論於促進護理資訊系統之推展•護理雜誌,56(3),18-22。[Lee, T. T., & Shih, Y. S. (2009). Using Innovation Diffusion Theory to Improve Implementation of Nursing Information Systems.Then Journal of Nursing,56 (3), 18-22.]
  2. 林嘉玲、王亞妮、蔡秀敏(2013)•創新思維在護理實務之運用•護理雜誌,60(2),97-102。[Lin, C. L., Wang, Y. N., & Tsai, H. M. (2013). Innovative thinking in nusing practice. Then Journal of Nursing,60 (2), 97-102.]
  3. 林欣樺、陳淑華、鄭秀玉、陳秀敏(2009)•提昇子宮頸抹片篩檢率之改善專案•護理雜誌, 54(1),62-69。[Lin, H. H., Chen, S. H., Jeng, S. Y., & Chen, H. M. (2009). A Project to Improve the Screening Rate of Pap Smear for Cervical Cancer. The Journal of Nursing. 54 (1), 62-69.]
  4. 林聖章(2007)•基隆市民眾接受癌症篩檢之影響因素•中山醫學大學公共衛生學系碩士論文, 台中。[Lin, S. C. (2007). Factors Influencing the Utilization of Cancer Screening Services in Keelung City. Master Thesis, Gradual Program of Public Health, Chung Shan Medical University, Taichung.]
  5. 孫淑惠、莊友良(2012)•醫療院所應用 RFID 於護理照顧可行性之探討•長庚科技期刊,(17),23-26。[Shieh, S. H., & Chuang, Y. L. (2012). Exploring the Feasibility of RFID Use in Nursing at Hospitals. Journal of Chang Gung University of Science and Technology. (17), 23-26.
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