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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 100 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. American Psychiatric Association (2000): Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders DSM-IV-TR Washington.
  2. Anderson LM, Fielding JE, Fullilove MT, Scrimshaw SC, Carande-Kulis VG (2003): Methods for conducting systematic reviews of the evidence of effectiveness and economic efficiency of interventions to promote healthy social environments. Am J Prev Med 24:25-31.
  3. Andrade L, Caraveo-Anduaga JJ, Berglund P, Bijl RV, De Graaf R, Vollebergh W, et al (2003): The epidemiology of major depressive episodes: results from the International Consortium of Psychiatric Epidemiology (ICPE) surveys.[erratum appears in Int J Methods Psychiatr Res. 2003;12(3):165]. Int J Methods Psychiatr Res 12:3-21.
  4. Bernal M, Haro JM, Bernert S, Brugha T, de Graaf R, Bruffaerts R, et al (2007): Risk factors for suicidality in Europe: results from the ESEMED study. J Affect Disord 101:27-34.
  5. Blue I, Harpham T (1996): Urbanization and mental health in developing countries. Curr Issues Public Health 2:181-185.
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 江弘基(2013)。自殺企圖通報個案的受助經驗:南投區心理衛生服務中心的田野觀察。國立臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-82。 
  2. 鄭蕙琴(Hui‐Chin Cheng);林寬佳(Kuan‐Chia Lin);黃俊仁(Chun‐Jen Huang);唐子俊(Tze‐Chun Tang);李伶伶(Ling‐Ling Lee);賴倩瑜(Chien‐Yu Lai)(2014)。生理回饋治療對憂鬱病人憂鬱及焦慮程度之改善成效。護理暨健康照護研究。10(4)。295-305。 
  3. 蕭舜文(2016)。憂鬱反芻注意力範圍理論初探: 憂鬱情緒與注意力範圍對反芻反應之影響。中正大學臨床心理學研究所學位論文。2016。1-107。
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