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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 97 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 方東昇(2000)。國民小學線上國字學習系統之建構與成效評估。未出版之碩士論文,臺南師範學院資訊教育研究所,臺南市。
  2. 方裕民(2003)。人與物的對話: 互動介面設計理論與實務。臺北市:田園城市文化事業有限公司。
  3. 王前龍(2001)。從九年一貫課程綱要-談國民小學中年級課程的整體規劃。研習資訊,18(6),45-53。
  4. 王華沛、李品蓓(2002)。以資訊科技幫助閱讀困難學生突破識字障礙。文教基金會會訊,65,2-6。
  5. 王瓊珠(2005)。高頻部首/部件識字教學對國小閱讀障礙學生讀寫能力之影響。臺北市立師院學報,36(1),95-124。
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