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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 27 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李紹良(2012)。《十五萬人的BBS是如何煉成的:批踢踢實業坊技術演變歷程之研究(1995-2008)》。國立政治大學社會所碩士論文。
  2. 林鶴玲、鄭陸霖(2001)。〈台灣社會運動網路經驗初探:一個探索性的分析〉,《台灣社會學刊》,第25期,頁111-156。
  3. 畢恆達(2003)。〈男同性戀與父母:現身的考量、策略、時機與後果〉,《女學學誌:婦女與性別研究》,第15期,頁37-78。
  4. 張盈堃(2003)。〈網路同志運動的可能與不可能〉,《資訊社會研究》,第4期,頁53-86。
  5. 劉安真、程小蘋、劉淑慧(2002)。〈「我是雙性戀,但選擇做女同志!」∼兩位非異性戀女性的性認同形成歷程〉,《中華輔導學報》,第12期,頁153-183。
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