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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 189 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王文芳、陳玉敏 (2004)•家屬安置老人於長期照護機構之經驗•長期照護雜誌,8(3),327-344。
  2. 毛治國 (2003)•決策•台北:天下雜誌。
  3. 長期照護專業協會(2006,2月28日)•台閩地區機構式長期照護家數與床數分佈表---依機構類別分(至95.2.28)•2008年12月26日取自
  4. 林信男、蔡茂堂、林憲 (1984)•農村老年人之精神疾病:恆春研究•中華民國神經醫學會會刊,10(2),65-79。
  5. 林麗嬋、歐美、吳肖琪 (1997).長期照護中主要照顧者之家庭功能社會支持與情緒•護理研究,5(1),77-87.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 曾珮玲(2014)。失智症家庭照顧者之照顧負荷研究。中山醫學大學醫學社會暨社會工作學系碩士班學位論文。2014。1-92。 
  2. 吳勁儫(2013)。失智老人家庭雇用外籍看護工之經驗。臺灣大學健康政策與管理研究所學位論文。2013。1-86。
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