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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 56 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 伍雁、毛新春(1998)•學前兒童住院後的行為改變與母親焦慮程度之相關性探討•護理研究,6(3),231-245。
  2. 李季芳、陳文文、劉雪娥(1999)•加護病房症候群的預防及護理•護理雜誌,46(5),22-26。
  3. 李欣南、潘志泉(2003)•譫妄及其治療•台灣醫學雜誌,7(4),611- 617。
  4. 吳麗芬(1995)•護理人員對急性混亂的感知•護理研究,3(1),17-25。
  5. 張因祝、于善潔(1999)•照顧一位發生加護病房症候群患者的護理經驗•國防醫學,28(1),76-83。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 朱卉愉(2017)。探討外科加護病房環境改善於預防譫妄及睡眠品質之成效。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2017。1-75。
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