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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 176 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丁錫亮、朱盈倩(2008)。文化景觀特色經營之研究—以澎湖七美嶼為例,鄉村旅遊研究,2(1),43-52。
  2. 王志弘(2005)。地方意象、地域意義與再現體制—1990年代以降的文山地區,台灣社會研究季刊,5,135-188。
  3. 王秋原、張峻嘉、趙建雄(2007)。地史取向研究方法在地方與區域研究初探:苗栗南庄地區的個案分析,華岡地理學報,20,1-16。
  4. 行政院莫拉克颱風災後重建推動委員會(2011)。八八重建報,第45期,檢自:
  5. 行政院莫拉克颱風災後重建推動委員會(2013)。重建新聞,檢自:
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李營鴻(2009)。居民對廢棄物處理設施識覺之研究—以宜蘭縣蘇澳鎮垃圾衛生掩埋場為例。臺灣大學地理環境資源學研究所學位論文。2009。1-95。 
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