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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 101 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李育宗。豬增生性壞死性肺炎病灶與常見病毒包括第二型豬環狀病毒、豬生殖與呼吸道綜合症病毒、豬流行性感冒病毒及豬小病毒之關聯性。國立台灣大學獸醫學研究所碩士論文,2005。
  2. 蕭君倪。建立偵測常見豬隻呼吸道病毒性豬隻病毒性疾病即時聚合酶鍊鎖反應技術。國立台灣大學獸醫學研究所碩士論文,2010。
  3. 張志成,黃安進,徐寶如,馬尉真,龐飛,王建雄。2008至2009年台灣豬場Torque Teno Virus (TTV)流行概況之探討。台灣獸醫誌Taiwan Vet J 37: 45-52,2011。
  4. Allan, G.M., Ellis, J.A., 2000. Porcine circoviruses: a review. J Vet Diagn Invest 12, 3-14.
  5. Aramouni, M., Segales, J., Cortey, M., Kekarainen, T., 2010. Age-related tissue distribution of swine Torque teno sus virus 1 and 2. Vet Microbiol 146, 350-353.
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