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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 76 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王秀紅 (1991), “已婚婦女健康概念之初探性研究”, 高雄護理雜誌, 7, 69–74
  2. 江馥名.梁蕙芳.邱慧洳.鄭夙芬.黃美華 (2009), “臺灣東南亞籍女性配偶的健 康概念、 自覺健康狀態及健康促進生活型態之研究”, Gung Nursing, 21(1), 12–24
  3. 吳和堂.吳卿銣 (2014), “學校護理人員的健康概念、 工作滿意度與幸福感之關聯性研究”, 健康促進與衛生教育學報, 41, 47–81
  4. 林美聲.黃松元 (2006), “中小學學校護理人員健康促進生活型態之研究-以宜蘭縣中小學學校護理人員為例”, 學校衛生, 48, 1–17
  5. 胡益進 (2009), “國立師範大學新生健康概念、 自覺健康狀態、 健康生活狀況及其相關因素之研究”, 健康促進與衛生教育學報, 31, 1–30
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