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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 87 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1.Wertheimer N, Leeper E. Electrical Wiring Configurations and Childhood-Cancer. American Journal of Epidemiology 1979; 109: 273-84.
  2. 2.World Health Organization. Establishing a Dialogue on Risks from Electromagnetic Fields. Radiation and Environmental Health. Department of Protection of the Human Environment, World Health Organization 2002.
  3. 3.World Health Organization. Electromagnetic fields and public health-Exposure to extremely low frequency fields. 2007.
  4. 5.Slovic P, Fischoff B, Lichtenstein S. Why Study Risk in Perception. Risk Analysis 1982; 2: 82-93.
  5. 6.劉祥達、莊慶達、陳均龍:從核四建廠風險認知觀點探討貢寮地區漁業經營對漁村經濟之影響。 農業與經濟 2007; 38: 119-59。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 彭宗佑(2013)。消費者感性需求與微波爐外觀造型之關聯性評估。屏東科技大學工業管理系所學位論文。2013。1-117。 
  2. 武文瑛(2015)。食安風暴政府治理之風險感知與溝通分析 -以黑心油品事件為例。臺灣大學國家發展研究所學位論文。2015。1-121。
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