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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 278 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 〔明.萬曆〕《新修南昌府志》。北京:書目文獻,1992
  2. 高明士,《中國教育制度史論》。臺北:聯經,1999
  3. 賴瑞和,《唐代中層文官》。北京:中華書局,2011
  4. 賴瑞和,《唐代基層文官》。北京:中華書局,2008
  5. 顧立誠,《走向南方──唐宋之際自北向南的移民與其影響》。臺北:國立台灣大學出版委員會,2004
Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
  1. 梁燕樵(2017)。梅堯臣詩歌中的行旅、家鄉與交遊書寫。臺灣大學中國文學研究所學位論文。2017。1-95。 
  2. 吳修安(2016)。唐宋時期鄱陽湖流域的環境變遷與地域社會。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2016。1-374。 
  3. 胡雲薇(2014)。延續與斷裂:唐宋之間北方的士人研究。臺灣大學歷史學研究所學位論文。2014。1-201。 
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