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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 93 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王玉葉,2000,歐洲聯盟之輔助原則,歐美研究,第三十卷第二期。
  2. 姚睿譯,2013,《台灣為什麼重要》,台北:猫頭鷹。譯自Shelley Rigger. Why Taiwan Matters: Small Island: Global Powerhouse, 2010
  3. 林同棪工程顧問股份有限公司,2005,《辦理空軍總司令部用地開發規劃國際交流總部(國際村)案總結報告書》,台北:台北市政府都市發展局。
  4. 林添貴譯,2013,《未知的海峽-兩岸關係的未來》,台北:遠流。譯自Richard C. Bush(卜睿哲). UNCHARTED STRAIT-The Future of China-Taiwan Relations: The Brookings Institution, 2012.
  5. 邱榮舉、王保鍵,2014,〈論議會運作透明化:以英國大倫敦市為例〉,台北:2014「台灣地方民代公益論壇(TCF)」年度論壇大會手冊,頁106-116。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 張嘉至(2016)。非營利組織活動資源募集及舉辦之探討-以某協會舉辦之活動為例-。中原大學企業管理研究所學位論文。2016。1-54。
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