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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 53 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷發展小組(2005)•台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊(第二修訂版)•台北:台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質發展小組。
  2. 李德芬、林欣潔、吳佳玟、吳嘉純、林美珍(2004)•燒燙傷病患的疼痛處置・疼痛醫學雜誌,14(2),74-85。
  3. 姚開屏(2000)•簡介與評論常用的一般性健康相關生活品質量表兼談對未來研究的建議•中國測驗學會測驗年刊,47(2),111-138。
  4. 姚開屏(2002a)•台灣版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展與應用•台灣醫學,6(3),193-200。
  5. 姚開屏(2002b)•健康相關生活品質概念與測量原理之簡介•台灣醫學,6(2),183-192。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周彥慈(2017)。復原期燒傷病患之身體心像、自尊與社交焦慮。中山醫學大學護理學系學位論文。2017。1-115。
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