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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 57 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 1. 山崎肯哉。2000。養液栽培全編。東京:博友社。
  2. 2. 行政院農委會。2016。土壤肥力診斷服務。台北:行政院農委會。網址:。上網日期:105年12月。
  3. 3. 游舒淇。2016。虹吸式潮汐淹灌系統應用於植物工場內萵苣與芝麻菜栽培之探討。碩士論文。台北:國立臺灣大學生物資源暨農學院生物產業機電工程學系。
  4. 4. 馮丁樹。2002。設施生產自動化技術,第八章養液栽培之應用技術。網址:。上網日期:105年2月。
  5. 5. 廖慶樑、劉禎祺。2005。合理化施肥理念。載於戴振耀、林俊義、蔡武雄、廖慶樑 (主編),合理化施肥專刊 (15-23 頁)。臺中:行政院農業委員會農業試驗所、中華永續農業協會。
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