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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 63 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會,2011,〈台閩地區護理人員統計表〉,醫療資訊網醫事人員管理系統,網址:, 2017年3月25日 查詢。
  2. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會,2012,〈全國醫院護理人員短缺7,000人〉,《中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會新聞稿》, 網址:, 2017年3月25日 查詢。
  3. 中華民國護理師護士公會全國聯合會,2013-2015,〈102-105年 醫療機構人力現況調查統計〉網址: , 2017年3月25日 查詢。
  4. 尹常晟,2006,〈健保制度下人力精簡對國軍區域醫院影響之研究〉,《元智大學管理研究所碩士論文》。
  5. 何日生,2009,〈醫療人文生命觀〉,《人醫心傳》,第66期:10-11。
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