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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
    Reference ( 167 ) 〈TOP〉
    1. 王行、莫藜藜、李憶薇、羅曉瑩(2005) 執行兒少保護中「強制性親職教育輔導」理念任務之研究,台大社工學刊,10,113-168。
    2. 原文:Doborah K. Padgett(1998),”Qualitative methods in social work research : challenges and rewards”.
    3. 原文:Michael Quinn Patton(1980)Qualitative Evaluation and Research Methods.
    4. 李翠萍(2006)社會福利政策執行網絡探析,台北,秀威資訊。
    5. 周信佑(2008)地方政府財政困窘與因應之道,國家政策研究基金會,本文刊登
    Times Cited (3) 〈TOP〉
    1. 吳芝螢(2013)。家庭維繫服務社工人員之處遇實務探討。臺灣師範大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2013。1-182。
    2. 施巧儀(2015)。兒少保護社會工作者安置態度與安置決策之相關性探究。臺灣大學社會工作學研究所學位論文。2015。1-117。
    3. 王滋苑(2016)。從服務使用者角度探究兒童少年保護個案服務處遇之成效。屏東科技大學社會工作系學位論文。2016。1-141。
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