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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 92 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 世界衛生組織生活品質問卷臺灣版問卷發展小組(2004)。「台灣簡明版世界衛生組織生活品質問卷之發展及使用手冊」(第二版)。台北。
  2. 任維廉、胡凱傑 (2001)。大眾運輸服務品質之發展與評估- 以臺北市公車系統為例。「運輸計劃季刊」,30(2),371-408。
  3. 林原宏 (2001)。模糊語意變數量表計分之信度模擬分析。「測驗統計年刊」,9,193-219。
  4. 林原宏 (2002)。模糊語意量表的語意模糊數建構演算與實證分析。「調查研究」,11,31-71。
  5. 林原宏 (2003)。量表語意模糊數演算及其計分比較分析。「臺中師院學報」,17(2),279-304。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王敏衡(2012)。負向外團體訊息對文化知識基模的促發效果:以歸因作業與消費傾向為例。臺灣大學心理學研究所學位論文。2012。1-33。 
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