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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 136 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 丘昌泰,2000,「後現代社會公共管理理論的變遷:從新公共管理到新公民統理」,中國行政評論,17期,頁2-3。
  2. 汪琪玲,2006,「台灣車體損失險上的動機效果」,臺大管理論叢風險管理與保險專刊,頁21-23。
  3. 吳英明,1996,公私部門協力關係和「公民參與」之探討,行政管理論文選輯,詮敘部。
  4. 陳文福、曹鎮、林志憲,2007,「淺談韓國清溪川復育計劃」,中興工程,第94期,頁117~122。
  5. 湯京平,2000,「民主行政與永續發展:比較台灣與香港環境評估制度與運作」,問題與研究,39卷8期,頁17-35。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林瑞秦(2011)。大學附近社區之學仕化研究─以長榮大學與成功大學為例。長榮大學土地管理與開發學系(所)學位論文。2011。1-113。 
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