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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 193 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李河清,2003,〈永續發展的國際關係面向:全球環境治理〉,《全球變遷通訊雜誌》,38: 21-25。
  2. 李河清,2004,〈知識社群與全球氣候談判〉,《問題與研究》,43(6): 73-102。
  3. 郝培芝,2006,〈多層次體系下的歐盟治理模式〉,《中國行政評論》,15(3): 89-116。
  4. 張亞中,2001,〈全球化下的全球治理-主體與權力的解析〉,《問題與研究》,40(4): 1-24。
  5. 許琇媛,2008,《歐盟多層級治理分析-德國、英國及其地方當局參與歐盟政策制定之研究》,台北:淡江大學歐洲研究所博士班博士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄧羽涵(2011)。以歐盟排放交易機制探討國家之競合關係—以德國、匈牙利、瑞典為例。中興大學國際政治研究所學位論文。2011。1-193。 
  2. 林素慧(2016)。國際氣候治理:從國際建制理論到建制複合理論之評析。中山大學政治學研究所學位論文。2016。1-127。
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