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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
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Reference ( 71 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 鄒克萬、張曜麟 2000 一個機率性土地發展分析模式,臺灣土地科學學報,1: 51-66。
  2. 韓歆儀 2004 應用兩階段分類法提昇SVM法之分類準確率,國立成功大學工業管理科學研究所碩士論文。
  3. Aaviksoo, K. 1993. Simulating vegetation dynamics and land use in a mire landscape using a Markov model, Landscape and Urban Planning, 31: 129-142.
  4. Alcamo, J. ed. 1994. IMAGE2.0: Integrated Modeling of Global Climate Change, Boston: Kluwer Academic Publishers
  5. Aoki, Y., Osaragi, T., and Nagai, A. 1996. Use of the area-dividing method to minimize expected error in land-use forecasts, Environment and Planning B: Planning and Design, 23: 655-666.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王彥覃(2008)。應用自上而下與自下而上土地利用及降雨-逕流模式模擬土地利用變遷與水文量-以寶橋集水區為例。臺灣大學生物環境系統工程學研究所學位論文。2008。1-109。 
  2. 廖珊慧(2012)。宜蘭縣員山鄉農舍的分布與變遷。臺灣師範大學地理學系學位論文。2012。1-102。
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