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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 80 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃麗虹、黃士穎、林讚標(2000)紅檜與台灣扁柏的葉綠體DNA遺傳歧異度吉族群分化 台灣林業科學 15, 229-236
  2. 洪茂森(2004)以4-coumarate CoA:Ligase基因進行台灣冷杉族群親園地裡關係研究。 台灣大學植物科學研究所碩士論文。
  3. 吳瑞娥(2001)昆欄樹族群之遺傳變異及其相關類群親緣關係之研究 臺灣師範大學生物學系博士論文。
  4. 魏國彥、許晃雄(1997) 全球環境變遷導論 台灣大學全球變遷中心
  5. 薛郁心(1995) 利用穩定碳同位素與黑炭推估台灣塔塔加地區主要值群型可能之變遷。 國立台灣大學森林學系碩士論文。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 郭福麟(2009)。玉山金絲桃之族群遺傳研究。臺灣師範大學生命科學研究所學位論文。2009。1-71。
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