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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 65 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王志弘(1997)《性別化流動的政治與詩學》。台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所博士論文。
  2. 王桂香編(1998)《王貫英:義風義行一甲子》。台北:台北市立圖書館。
  3. 朱元鴻(1997)〈背叛/洩密/出賣:論民族誌的冥界〉。《台灣社會研究季刊》,第26期,29-65。
  4. 吳永毅(1987)〈試評〈都市非正式部門發展之研究:以路邊洗車業為例〉:台灣關於「非正式部門」研究的一些誤解〉。《國立台灣大學建築與城鄉研究學報》,第3卷第1期,179-185。
  5. 呂玉瑕(1980)〈社會變遷中臺灣婦女之事業觀:婦女角色意識與就業態度的探討〉。《中央研究院民族學研究所集刊》,第50期,25-66。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃大祐(2013)。垃圾的倫理化?台北都會區垃圾治理與資源回收體制的轉型。臺灣大學建築與城鄉研究所學位論文。2013。1-107。 
  2. 方禹傑(2017)。應用多目標規劃於拾荒者社區派駐之研究。朝陽科技大學環境工程與管理系學位論文。2017。1-94。
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