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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「http://dx.doi.org/」 「 http://dx.doi.org/ 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: http://dx.doi.org/ 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI Registrationdoi.airiti.com ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 36 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 台灣茶園調查報告(1994),台灣省政府農林廳編印,頁3。
  2. 林盛華(2008),臺灣肉品市場經營效率分析-資料包絡法,國立台灣大學農業經濟系碩士論文。
  3. 林暉儒(2007),霧峰鄉地區益全香米農戶生產效率之研究—DEA模型之應用,國立中興大學應用經濟系碩士論文。
  4. 范德光(2009),「台灣茶葉產銷概況」,取自:台灣區製茶工業同業公會網站http://www.taiwantea.org.tw/news_more.asp?id=980
  5. 孫立群、徐瑢恩(2008),「日本市場對臺灣茶葉需求可能性之探討」,第五屆海峽兩岸茶業學術研討會論文集,頁582-583。
Times Cited (1) 〈TOP〉
  1. 黃欣瑜(2013)。雲林縣文蛤養殖生產技術效率分析。臺灣大學農業經濟學研究所學位論文。2013。1-85。 
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