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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 68 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. Astrup, T., Mosbaek, H. and Christensen, T.H. (2006) Assessment of long-term leaching from waste incineration air-pollution-control residues. Waste Management 26(8), 803-814.
  2. Beylot, A. and Villeneuve, J. (2013) Environmental impacts of residual Municipal Solid Waste incineration: A comparison of 110 French incinerators using a life cycle approach. Waste Management 33(12), 2781-2788.
  3. Boesch, M.E., Vadenbo, C., Saner, D., Huter, C. and Hellweg, S. (2014) An LCA model for waste incineration enhanced with new technologies for metal recovery and application to the case of Switzerland. Waste Management 34(2), 378-389.
  4. Chang, C.Y., Wang, C.F., Mui, D.T., Cheng, M.T. and Chiang, H.L. (2009) Characteristics of elements in waste ashes from a solid waste incinerator in Taiwan. Journal of Hazardous Materials 165(1-3), 766-773.
  5. Chang, F.Y. and Wey, M.Y. (2006) Comparison of the characteristics of bottom and fly ashes generated from various incineration processes. Journal of Hazardous Materials 138(3), 594-603.
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 林立涵(2017)。生命週期評估中結合地下水傳輸模式及風險評估之研究-以封閉掩埋場為例。臺灣大學環境工程學研究所學位論文。2017。1-129。 
  2. 鄭富瑜(2016)。垃圾焚化飛灰與吸附水萃廢水之坡縷石共同研磨穩定之生命週期評估。淡江大學水資源及環境工程學系碩士班學位論文。2016。1-104。
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