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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

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Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王思懿。2014。臺灣陸域保育類哺乳動物的空間分布預測、保護區涵蓋及熱點分析。碩士論文。國立臺灣大學,臺北市。
  2. 江鴻猷、曾喜育、邱清安、曾彥學。2014。樣本數量對最大熵物種分布模式(MaxEnt)準確度之影響:以臺灣水青岡為例。林業研究季刊 36:101-114。
  3. 吳欣恬,自由時報。2018。狂犬病又來了!鼬獾傷人初二初三各一例。。
  4. 李欣怡。2015。2013-2014年狂犬病陽性的臺灣鼬獾(Melogale moschata subaurantiaca)之空間分布與疫區擴張趨勢探討。碩士論文。國立臺灣大學,臺北市。
  5. 祁偉廉、徐偉。臺灣哺乳動物:野外探險實用大圖鑑。1998。初版。大樹文化,臺北市。
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