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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 184 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 李子千(2011)《社會運動與公民社會發展:台灣南韓之比較》。國立成功大學政治經濟學研究所碩士論文。
  2. 李融冠(2008)《低價簡易PC對主流產品之影響探討以Eee-PC 為例》。元智大學管理研究所碩士論文。
  3. 吳怡君(2009)《小筆電融入國小五年級英語科教學之研究》。國立臺灣師範大學資訊教育學系碩士論文。
  4. 林宗豪,王韻婷,林怡君、張峻銘(2009)〈低價電腦的創新及行銷研究--以ASUS Eee PC為例〉。《商業職業教育》,第112期,27-38。
  5. 林德福(2003)《全球經濟中浮現的北台都會區域:後進者全球生產網絡與空間結構轉化之研究(1980-1990年代末)》。國立台灣大學建築與城鄉研究所博士論文。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 周倩如(2013)。城市外交的角色與功能-以臺北市主辦2010花卉博覽會為例。淡江大學國際事務與戰略研究所碩士在職專班學位論文。2013。1-157。 
  2. 許榕君(2013)。竹科廠商創新合作之空間特性。成功大學都市計劃學系學位論文。2013。1-58。 
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