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Search Symbol (Half-width) Description of Search Symbols
Space "AND" indicates the intertwining of key terms used in a search
Double Quotation Marks ("") ( " " ) Double quotation marks indicate the beginning and end of a phrase, and the search will only include terms that appear in the same order of those within the quotations. Example: "image process" : " image process "
? Indicates a variable letter. Entering two ? will indicate two variable letters, and so on. Example: "Appl?", search results will yield apple, apply… e , appl y … ( (often used to English word searches) )
* Indicates an unlimited number of variable letters to follow, from 1~n. Example: Enter "appl*", search results will yield apple, apples, apply, applied, application…(often used in English word searches) e , appl es , appl y , appl ied , appl ication … ( (often used to English word searches) )

Boolean logic combinations of key words is a skill used to expand or refine search parameters.
(1) AND (1) AND: Refines search parameters
(2) OR (2) OR: Expands search parameters (3) NOT: Excludes irrelevant parameters


DOI stands for Digital Object Identifier ( D igital O bject I dentifier ) ,
and is the unique identifier for objects on the internet. It can be used to create persistent link and to cite articles.

Using DOI as a persistent link

To create a persistent link, add「」 「 」 before a DOI.
For instance, if the DOI of an article is 10.5297/ser.1201.002 , you can link persistently to the article by entering the following link in your browser: 10.5297/ser.1201.002
The DOI link will always direct you to the most updated article page no matter how the publisher changes the document's position, avoiding errors when engaging in important research.

Cite a document with DOI

When citing references, you should also cite the DOI if the article has one. If your citation guideline does not include DOIs, you may cite the DOI link.

DOIs allow accurate citations, improve academic contents connections, and allow users to gain better experience across different platforms. Currently, there are more than 70 million DOIs registered for academic contents. If you want to understand more about DOI, please visit airiti DOI ) 。

Abstract 〈TOP〉
Parallel Abstract 〈TOP〉
Reference ( 69 ) 〈TOP〉
  1. 王振寰,1989,〈臺灣的政治轉型與反對運動〉,《臺灣社會研究季刊》,第2卷第1期。
  2. 王振寰、方效鼎,1992,〈國家機器、勞工政策與勞工運動〉,《臺灣社會研究季刊》,13:1-29。
  3. 何明修,2008,〈沒有階級認同的勞工運動:臺灣的自主工會與兄弟義氣的極限〉,《臺灣社會研究季刊》,72:49-90。
  4. 吳正旺,2010,〈勞動三權與勞動三法的範疇與趨勢之研究〉,《萬能商學學報》,15:117 -134。吳育仁,2004,〈國際勞工運動與國際勞動基準〉,《問題與研究》,第43卷第5期,87-119。
  5. 吳昭瑩,2009,〈批判臺灣勞資爭議處理機制:以爭議標的二分法之必要性與處理機制的妥當性為探討核心〉,《臺灣勞動評論》第1卷第1期,13-47。
Times Cited (2) 〈TOP〉
  1. 徐穆儀(2014)。不當勞動行為裁決機制研究-行政介入與司法救濟之匯流。臺灣大學科際整合法律學研究所學位論文。2014。1-137。 
  2. 李嘉苓(2014)。我國不當勞動行為相關法制之研究。中正大學法律學系學位論文。2014。1-123。
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